From Research to Manuscript

From Research to Manuscript

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Observations Plus Recipes It has been said that science is the orderly collection of facts about the natural world. Scientists, however, are wary of using the word a€˜fact. a€™ a€˜Facta€™ has the feeling of absoluteness and universality, whereas scientific observations are neither ab- lute nor universal. For example, a€˜children have 20 deciduous [baby] teetha€™ is an observation about the real world, but scientists would not call it a fact. Some children have fewer deciduous teeth, and some have more. Even those children who have exactly 20 deciduous teeth use the full set during only a part of their childhood. When they are babies and t- dlers, children have less than 20 visible teeth, and as they grow older, children begin to loose their deciduous teeth, which are then replaced by permanent teeth. a€˜Children have 20 deciduous [baby] teetha€™ is not even a complete scientific sta- ment. For one thing, the statement a€˜children have 20 deciduous teetha€™ does not tell us what we mean by a€˜teeth. a€™ When we say a€œteeth, a€ do we mean only those that can seen be with the unaided eye, or do we also include the hidden, unerupted teeth? An observation such as a€˜children have 20 deciduous teetha€™ is not a fact, and, by itself, it is not acceptable as a scientific statement until its terms are explained: scientifically, a€˜children have 20 deciduous teetha€™ must be accompanied by definitions and qualifiers.Writing. a. Scientific. Research. Paper. Science is the orderly collection of scientific recordsa€”i.e., observations about the natural world made via well- defined proceduresa€”and scientific records are archived in a standardized form, the scientificanbsp;...

Title:From Research to Manuscript
Author: Michael Jay Katz
Publisher:Springer Science & Business Media - 2009-01-21

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